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May 2003 Newsletter
Volume III Issue 4-03
Pets Heat Stroke
Heat stroke occurs when the dog's ability to regulate its body temperature
is lost. A dog regulates body temperature primarily through respiration. When
the respiratory tract cannot evacuate heat quickly enough, the body temperature
rises. Normal body temperature is less than 103 °F, but once the temperature
goes over 105 °F a number of physiologic events can occur that make it
even more difficult for the animal to regain control of its temperature.
Never leave a dog in a closed automobile, unventilated garage or other enclosure
for any length of time in hot weather.
· Provide shade cover for dogs that are outdoors.
· Avoid excessive exercise of dogs during hot weather.
· Keep plenty of fresh drinking water available at all times for dogs.
· Avoid hot sidewalks and pavements that can burn your pet's paws.
On a hot summer day the inside of your car heats up very quickly. On an 85
°F day, for example, the temperature inside your car--with the windows
slightly opened--will reach 102 °F in 10 minutes! In 30 minutes, it will
go to up to 120 °F. On warmer days, it will go even higher.
A dog's normal body temperature is 101.5 to 102.2 °F. A dog can withstand
a body temperature of 107-108 °F for only a very short time before suffering
irreparable brain damage--or even death. The closed confines of a car interferes
with a dog's normal cooling process, that is, evaporation through panting.
Canine Heat Stress Treatment
In heatstroke cases, high fever must be reduced rapidly to save the dog's
life and prevent brain damage. If heatstroke occurs, you should do the following:
· Gradually immerse the dog in cool water if possible, or spray the
dog with cool water from a garden hose.
· Apply ice packs to the dog's head and neck.
· Take the dog to a veterinarian as soon as possible. Heat exhaustion
or heat cramps must also be treated by a veterinarian.
Heat stroke is an emergency that requires veterinary assistance, but effective
initial treatment can be started before heading for the veterinary hospital.
Aggressively assist the dog's efforts to lower body temperature with the use
of water and air. Submersion of the dog in cool water will start to bring
the temperature down quickly. Avoid extremely cold water or ice since they
cause the blood vessels in the skin to constrict and will not allow for a
meaningful heat exchange. If there isn't anything available to submerse the
dog in, you can start wetting him down with a hose. The dog should be in a
well-ventilated, shady area to allow for evaporation of the water. Evaporation
cools body temperatures very effectively.
Following intervals of high activity, return the dog to an air conditioned
vehicle, or wet the dog down and go to an area that is shaded and preferably
breezy to allow for evaporation and cooling. Make sure there is access to
reasonable volumes of cool fresh water both before and after activity.
always your Veterinarian is the best source of information and
treatment for questions or problems that may exist.
If you have any suggestions or
comments or would like to add to
our "Monthly Newsletter",
"Our Thank You To All"
WE want to thank all our volunteers
and special folks who have shared their
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and our "Message Board" and for the continued support for all that
In Memory Of Pets has to offer from our hearts..
Bless all who come to "In
Memory Of Pets" in sharing loving feelings
for their beloved ones.
John, Carole and Staff
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In Memory of Pets
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Hershey, PA 17033
Attn: Kenneth L. Miller Secretary/Treasurer
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