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This Month's September Newsletter in Pet Wellness:
Common Ailments in Dogs
This is an accumulation of pus caused by a local irritation
or infection. The swells and is painful to the touch.
Bathing in comfortably hot water softens the overlying skin,
causing the abscess to from a point and eventually burst.
AntibioticTreatment effects a rapid cure.
Anal sacs or Glands
The paired anal sacs lie on either side of the anus,
and store liquid produced by them.
This liquid gives a characteristic smell to the feces.
The sacs may become impacted and fail to empty in the natural way,
and thus give rise to local irritation or pain.
Your veterinarian will empty the glands when necessary,
and will demonstrate this simple manual operation if asked.
An affected dog may drag its seat along the ground
in an attempt to gain relief or turn and bite at its tail.
If neglected, the anal sacs may become infected,
producing yellow pus, when veterinary treatment
is needed immediately.
This is a condition of the body when there
is a deficiency of hemoglobin in the blood.
Anemia may follow blood loss after an accident or operation,
or infestation with parasites.
The cause must be diagnosed and treated with delay.
Is an inflammatory disorder of a joint.
There are various type of arthritis due to infection, trauma, etc.
but all the causes are not fully understood.
Diagnosis is often made by an x-ray examination
of the affected joint, and through a cure,
as such, is not available, relief is afforded with surgery,
drug therapy, specialized diet, considerate exercise,
and the provision of a soft warm bed.
Is a protozoan transmitted by the brown dog tick
infect the red blood cells and causes this disease,
characterized by anemia and jaundice.
In the acute form the dog passes coffee-colored urine,
becomes feverish and very jaundiced and passes on.
In the chronic form the dog suffers general malaise,
is slightly anemic and is jaundiced.
There is no guaranteed effective treatment and
the blood transfusions may be necessary to save a dog
with the acute form.
This may result from a specific bacterial infection or gum ulcers,
from decaying teeth for from a disease such as chronic nephritis.
Often, therefore, bad breath will only be cured by veterinary treatment.
It may be corrected by a change of diet (reducing meat content) or
a dose of indigestion mixture.
These are fairly common, developing in the bladder
of male and female dogs, passing into and lodging in the urethra in male dog.
The affected dog strains to urinate, and
only passes small quantities urine, sometimes bloodstained.
There is sometimes some localized inflammation.
Surgical removal of the stones is the only successful treatment,
and compounds to regulate the acidity of the urine
help to prevent the formation of further stones.
This is often a sign of irritation in the throat or bronchial
and may be caused by a foreign body.
A persistent cough requires veterinary attention
as it could be due to tonsillitis, bronchitis,
disease know as kennel cough
(infectious canine tracheobronchitis).
Dogs can be protected against
these last few diseases by vaccination.
Is an inflammation of the bladder characterized
by frequent passing of small amounts of urine,
and constant straining. It is more common in females in dogs.
Water intake must be increased by adding liquid to food.
Antibiotic treatment is required;
even so the problem may recur.
Diarrhea and Enteritis
The treatment for simple diarrhea is to withdraw food and
drink for 24 hours to keep the dog warm and quiet.
After this the dog should be offered some plain boiled rice
with a little chicken stock, and small amounts of boiled water
with a little added glucose or sugar.
If the diarrhea persists longer than 48 hours or the dog vomits,
the dog should have veterinary treatment.
Parvovirus enteritis is a highly infectious disease
which is frequently fatal. First signs are serious vomiting followed
by diarrhea, which may be bloodstained.
This disease can be prevented by vaccination.
These are manifestation of a disease caused by a single virus.
Starting with a very high temperature,
the dog refuses food and may have diarrhea and
a cough, and inflamed eyes. As the nervous system
can be affected, the dog may suffer fits.
Hardpad is the term used when the virus affects the pads,
producing swelling and a leathery feel.
Antibiotic treatment controls the enteritis and pneumonia,
but most dogs die from the effect of the virus on the nervous system.
Vaccination is effective in preventing distemper and hardpad.
Confining a dog in a closed vehicle exposed of the sun
is the prime cause of heatstroke in the dog,
and this can often be fatal. The dog becomes distressed and
unable to breathe properly.
As the respiration deteriorates and the dogs temperature
rises, the dog collapses.
First aid treatment consists of reducing the dogs temperature
by dipping it in cold water.
A bag of ice placed at the back of the dogs neck,
and ice cubes rubbed on the pads will help to get
the temperature down.
Artificial respiration may be necessary to restore
the dogs breathing and heart rate.
Is an infectious disease cause by a virus.
The affected dog develops a high temperature
which may reach 150 degrees,
together with sickness and bloodstained diarrhea.
Veterinary attention is vital, but my prove ineffective.
This disease affects the liver, causing it to become inflamed and
can be prevented by vaccination.
This is an inherited deformity of the hip joint,
occurring particularly in larger breeds.
Severely affected dogs suffer pain and lameness,
and maybe treated by drugs or surgery.
Dysplastic dogs should not be allowed to breed.
The dog with gastritis has an inflamed stomach,
indicated first by vomiting or the eating of grass.
Keep the dog war, withdraw food and
offer small amounts of cooled boiled water.
When the inflammation of the bowel
also occurs, the result is gastro-enteritis.
This may be caused by bacterial or virus infection or
by swallowing an object such as a toy or a rubber band.
Veterinary advice is essential and
should not be delayed longer than 24 hours.
This is known as acute gastric dilation-torsion or bloat.
This is a life-threatening condition which occurs
most frequently in large deep-chested breeds.
Two to four hours after feeding, particularly
if exercise follows a large meal,
the dog shows signs of pain and distress,
with a distended abdomen.
Treat it as an emergency needing immediate veterinary aid.
Conjunctivitis is common in the dog and
is treated with applications of antibiotic ointments or drops.
A partially closed, watering eye may indicate
the presence of a foreign body.
This should be identified and removed
if possible with the corner of a clean handkerchief or
by flushing out with a syringe of warmed
saline solution or water.
If the object cannot be seen, seek veterinary advice.
If there is any damage to the surface of the eye,
or a blue effect is noticed, veterinary attention is urgently required.
A blue cornea may follow an infection or some type of vaccination.
Other cause of blueness in the eye are
the formation of a cataract, or a sign of aging in the dog.
Corneal ulcers from on the surface of the cornea.
They are painful and affected dogs rub at the eye
while holding it partially closed.
The third eyelid may be visible.
Eye ointment may effect a cure,
though persistent ulcers may need surgical treatment or
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